Feds Pass Long-term Transportation Bill
On December 4, the President signed new, long-term federal transportation funding legislation into law. The FAST Act supports biking and walking with modest increases for the Transportation Alternatives Program and new bicycle and pedestrian education program.
Passage of a long-term transportation funding bill is no small feat in Washington. It has been a decade since the last long-term bill was passed, the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) in 2005. Since then, short-term and medium-term extensions have been the norm.
The FAST Act, or Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act of 2015, is a five-year bill, responding to calls from a wide variety of stakeholders - states, local governments, and transportation agencies foremost - for certainty and stability in funding that makes it easier to plan and implement long-term transportation projects
Overall, the bike/ped community seems to have done well by the legislation, especially considering the political climate in which it was passed.
The new bill includes a modest increase in funding for the Transportation Alternatives program, from $820 million to $835 million in 2016 and 2017 and to $850 million in 2018, 2019 and 2020. Program funding will continue to be allocated by a competitive process, although technically the program is now a set aside in the larger Surface Transportation Block Grant Program, as opposed to a standalone program.
Another positive component of the FAST Act is the creation of safety fund to reduce bicycle and pedestrian fatalities. The program will fund education and enforcement efforts in states where 15% or more of overall fatalities are bicyclists or pedestrians. With a staggering 29% of all traffic fatalities being bicyclists or pedestrians, New York can count on some of this much needed funding.
There's more good news, as the bill gives local jurisdictions more flexibility in choosing design guides to reference when building roads. That means more protected bike lanes, and innovative ways to accommodate all roadway users.
Of course the legislation isn't perfect. Metropolitan regions will now be able to transfer money formerly designated for bike/ped to roads and bridges. Pitting roads and bridges against bike lanes and sidewalks isn't the way forward for an inclusive transportation system.